No matter how young or old you are, for healthy teeth and gums proper and effective dental care is critical throughout the human life cycle. Just using a toothbrush once a day will not fulfil the purpose as for having and maintaining healthy teeth and gums requires more efforts.
If you will take it for granted then you might suffer from gum diseases, dry mouth caused by the use of medications, temperature and texture sensitivities, tooth decay and painful gums. You are more prone to bad health conditions like stroke, diabetes and heart disease, if you will not look after your teeth and gums.
The following are some tips that will help you keep strong, healthy, and functional teeth and gums bringing a bright smile to your face:
There are four basic steps one should follow everyday for healthy teeth and gums:
Visiting the dentist
- Brush at least twice a day.
- Brushing after every meal will be more beneficial, if you can.
- Brushing helps removing plaque, a film of bacteria that clings to teeth. When bacteria present in plaque come into contact with food you tajr, they produce acids. These acids presence in your mouth lead to cavities.
How To Brush:
- Always use soft toothbrush
- On the head of your toothbrush place a pea-sized dab of toothpaste
- It should always be 45-degree angle to the gum line when you place the toothbrush against the teeth.
- Across the teeth move the brush in a small circular motion.
- The tips of the bristles must be kept against the gum line.
- Don’t press too hard to avoid bristles flattening against the teeth.
- The bristles must reach into spaces between your teeth.
- Make sure the bristles get into the grooves and crevices while you brush across the top of the chewing surfaces of the teeth.
- Move your toothbrush in the the same small circular motion to clean the back of the upper and lower teeth.
- The toothbrush must be in an up-and-down position with the tip of the head pointing towards the roof of the mouth, to brush the inside of the top front teeth.
- Move the toothbrush in a small circle.
- Do not scrub but give your tongue a few gentle brush strokes, brushing from the back of your tongue forward. This freshens your breath and helps remove bacteria.
- Brush your teeth for two to three minutes before you rinse your mouth with water.
- Keep replacing your toothbrush with a new one every three to four months.
- Floss once a day.
- Flossing everyday helps get rid of food and plaque between the teeth, where your toothbrush is unable to reach.
- If plaque stays for a little longer between teeth, it can harden into tartar, then you need to get it removed by a dentist.
How To Floss:
- Take about a 45 cm that is almost 18-inch strip of floss
- Wind the floss around the middle fingers of your hands, leaving an inch section open for flossing.
- Floss your top teeth first, then the bottom.
- Once you place the floss in your mouth, use index fingers to push the floss between the teeth.
- Be very careful and not to push too hard as it might injure the gums.
- Keep moving the floss gently up and down against the tooth and up and around the gum line.
- The floss should be in a C-shape form while flossing around the tooth
- Floss between each tooth as well as behind the back teeth.
- Always use a clean section of floss as required and wind the used floss around the fingers.
Consumer a variety of foods but avoid a few S3 foods that contain sugars, soda and starches. These foods are the most harmful to your teeth and gums. They produce the most acids in the mouth and the longer they stay in the mouth, the more they damage the teeth and gums.
- Hard-boiled sweets are harmful as they stay in the mouth for a longer time, making it difficult to remove.
- Snacking on sugary foods might lead to tooth decay if you don’t follow your brush routing as generally people don’t brush after snacks.
- Starchy snack foods, like crisps, stick to the teeth and deposit in between, if stay for a long period.
Avoid snacking on these following Foods:
- Sweets, biscuits, cakes and pies
- Sugary chewing gum
- Crackers, breadsticks and crisps
- Dried fruit and raisins
Regular Dental check-ups
- To maintain healthy teeth and gums always visit your dentist for regular check-ups and professional cleaning.
- Don’t hesitate to see your dentist if you are having any pain in your teeth or mouth or bleeding, swollen gums and follow the advice.
- For avoiding tooth decay and providing protection, you can consult your dentist for dental sealants.
- The material used to coat the top, chewing surfaces of the teeth is known as sealant. This Dental coating protects the tooth from decay.